Rainwater for Multiple Community Uses 

Peri urban and rural communities require water for multiple uses and have serious dimensions associated with land availability, pollution from external sources, and limitations with own options as water resource points. In these scenarios we have evolved options which are easy to plan, construct and maintain.

  The essence of such community water resource reserves is based on collective action of water stressed communities. Notable areas where such options stand executed include backwater regions, coastal areas with saline issues, hill / tribal communities etc. where water resources are required for livelihood options- such as livestock rearing, fodder cultivation, skill based occupations, vegetable growing etc. besides requirement of drinking needs. 

Creating new small ponds/shallow sources along with rainwater feeding as an annual process along with use of biodiversity to protect and retain water quality is found practical. Such initiatives enabled to rejuvenate water resources for year round usage.

In summary community action together with rainwater and bio diversity enables regenerating the physical, biological and chemical processes towards restoring the water requirements. 

The essence of this decentralized capacity building process commence with familiarization of water issues leading to appropriate technological innovations and finally managing water as life support system. To rejuvenate the water resource base, it is necessary to have an appropriate and systemic relationship between the natural and social systems.

Locale specific and appropriate technologies can evolve out of the resource sensitive social system. It is the local community that has to understand, appreciate, and internalize the water knowledge and on the basis of this knowledge, sustain the resources.